Finally, it is not “the police lobby that by the nature of their work have clout with the powers that be” but the PAS who has obstructed the POLICE ORDER 2000 due to their clout with the powers that be. He is responsible to support and facilitate the offices and public facilities in the district. Local police, local courts, local judicial magistrates. The jurisdiction of these courts in Pakistan is explained in civil as well as criminal procedure code. Price control magistrates lodged FIRs …  However, now the local government law of all provisional governments is similar to a large extent to the law of Punjab Province. 1. Punjab is a glaring example. 5. In these five decades, we have slid to a state where the law enforcer does not bat an eyelid when a motorbike with five people weaves its way through the traffic at full speed. 1. Under preventive powers, the magistrate could rein in crooks and criminals, without having to resort to cumbersome procedures or preventive arrests of budding extremists. If not addressed properly the nation will continue to suffer with weak writ of the goverment. ... 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan). It is a story of endless shame in terms of corruption and inefficiency. In the UK, when a party is elected to office after being in the opposition, its leader takes over as prime minister seamlessly. It was conveniently forgotten that this separation had been completed in 1996, and formalised by the Supreme Court through its judgements (eg Al Jihad Trust). The Judiciary of Pakistan is a hierarchical system with two classes of courts: the superior judiciary and the subordinate judiciary. The DC was performing four functions:
Anandaram Baruah, an eminent scholar of Sanskrit and the sixth Indian and the first Assamese ICS officer, became the third Indian to be appointed a district magistrate, the first two being Romesh Chandra Dutt and Sripad Babaji Thakur respectively. He is responsible for coordination of work of all the sister offices and public facilities in the district. High Court. Prior to 18th Constitutional Amendments, appointments to the Supreme Court of Pakistan were made by the President of Pakistan, on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. 3. (2) Moreover, the performance of the Assistant Commissioner (AC) within the district is also monitored by him. Deputy Commissioner (popularly abbreviated as "DC") or District Magistrate is a chief administrative, revenue officer and representative of government in district or an administrative sub-unit of a division. He would exercise authority but would NOT share responsibility for prevention and detection of crimes. For most postings, there is no competition amongst groups, as the PAS serves in the federal/provincial secretariat, while the PSP normally serves within the force. In Railway if you are Driver having accelerator to run the train, you can not move the train without green flag from Guard having no accelerator but break. Direct and SessionCourts of Pakistan: Additional District & Sessions Judges are appointed by the Provincial High Courts, from a pool of Lawyers and subordinate judges. There was no milk and honey flowing in Pakistan till 1999 when Musharraf allegedly tinkered with the system. We also never tire of praising our parliamentary system based on the Westminster model. Why a professional police cannot administer the 'expedited' justice and through it the writ of the state? We dont need to go back, we need to fix our institutions instead of making DC everything again. Pakistan: District magistrate allows Muslim man to keep Hindu girl as wife, girl’s parents say she was kidnapped and forcefully converted to Islam The girl's parents have alleged that the man kidnapped their daughter, forcibly converted her to Islam against her … AC/DC system has no place in modern democratic country. All that is no more, as the police only acts after an event and the judiciary is overwhelmed with case pendency. BAHAWALPUR, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 25th Jan, 2021 ) :The performance of price Control in Bahawalpur district was discussed in a meeting held at Committee Room of Deputy Commissioner Office here on Monday.. Deputy Commissioner Bahawalpur Division Muzaffar Khan Sial presided over the meeting. district or city. The Judicial Commission of Pakistan (informally JCP) is a commission for the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court Judges in Pakistan. ISLAMABAD: The District Magistrate Islamabad has decided to open the laundries and dry cleaners in the capital city. FIFTY odd years ago, we as students dared not ride double on a bicycle, or ride a bicycle without a light on the very roads we use today. They have local councils that run the city etc. The superintendent of police (SP), inspector general of jails, the surgeon general, the divisional forest officer (DFO) and the chief engineer (CE) had to inform the collector of every activity in their departments. In 2007, the government of Pakistan established District Consumer Court in 11 districts for providing the justice to the consumers.  After his presidency, provincial governments of Pakistan again established this office through constitutional amendments.. The missing link here is Monitoring & Evaluation on scientific basis. Celebrity activism is a misnomer in Pakistan. We miss one thing here, why there was need to reform institutional setup, why we always need Danda to govern, rather than to convince and share power. District Magistrate among 6 suspended over ''negligence'' in cow protection in UP. Musharraf's devolution plan was for executive powers only, not for Judicial powers. While for the military, the basic ethos of the organisation is the singularity of command, wearing his civilian hat Musharraf demolished a time-tested system in which the district commissioner/district magistrate was the sole commander of a district. Why is an empowered DC/DM so crucial to the state’s writ? 'Instead of goodbye, how about so long? To be eligible for appointment, Lawyers must have ten years' experience as an advocate with good standing in the respective jurisdiction. They are the same “those with the highest merit who joined the PAS"... and look what have they done to these state institutions. If at all executive magistracy is absolutely essential the government can request the Judiciary to create a platform to cater for such functions of the state where time is the essence in consultation/collaboration with other LEAs. 2. Polices are chalked out at federal and provincial levels but are implemented at district and sub divisional/tehsil levels. Mostly the provincial and Federal Administrative Secretaries and Heads of autonomous/semi autonomous bodies/ institutions like Steel Mill, PIA, Railways, WAPDA, sometimes FBR and other departments belong to PAS. Elected local bodies should be empowered. Age to Become a District Magistrate (DM) There is a different age limit for each category to become a District Judge. Bonded Labour System (Abolition)Act, 1992 - PAKISTAN LAWYER How does county system work in USA? This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 16:30. These were less serious than murder, rape and dacoity, addressed by the judiciary, but still offences affecting routine life in the vast majority villages and towns.  The office was meant to achieve the "peculiar purpose" of collecting revenue and of keeping the peace. If there are other colonial legacies in operation we need to bid adieu to them as well. They performed their duties under the supervision of a divisional commissioner. Conditions there have not shown any improvement. DC system had outlived its relevance. After Musharraf’s departure, all provincial governments around 2008, based on their experience since 2001, unanimously resolved to bring back an empowered DC with powers of the DM. ... experience as an advocate of a High Court or 10 years service as a civil servant including 3 years experience as a District Judge or 10 years experience in a judicial office. "The complaints were probed by SDM Jalesar SP Gupta and DPRO Alok Priyadarshi, and were found to be true," District Magistrate of Etah Sukhlal Bharti said. The main Criminal Courts in Pakistan are: 1. The court of district and additional district judge is established under the civil court ordinance 1962 whereas the court of session and additional session judge perform their function under the code of criminal procedure. Here in follow the duties of deputy commissioner are given: "The Punjab Civil Administration Act 2017", "Deputy commissioners to replace DCOs in Punjab - Pakistan - Dunya News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deputy_Commissioner_(Pakistan)&oldid=1000106731, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, He is responsible to supervise and monitor the discharge of duties by the. He was District Magistrate for trial of certain offences and grant bails /acquittals liberally to the same accused against his police functions. District collectors were members of the British Indian Civil Service and were charged with supervising general administration in the district. These Highest Merit Winners have destroyed social sector especially Health, Education, Water & Sanitation. In general parlance, he is referred to by the abbreviation DM or DC. The Chief Justice of Pakistan is the Chairman of JCP.. On 20 April 2010, 18th Constitutional Amendment was passed in the Parliament of Pakistan. What we need is executive energy by eliminating ill administrative evil. 70% of the crime against person registered by police has its roots in the failings/abuse of the revenue authorities. If you have cash as a cashier, you have no authority to spend without permission of accounts officer who has no cash in hand but pen. While most dictators have used local bodies to claim legitimacy, Musharraf went a step further and tinkered with the functions of the state and abolished the office of district magistrate. It is also fact that in those days people were not familiar with gun and money culture and population was mostly illiterate confined in rural areas. Deputy Commissioner (popularly abbreviated as "DC") or District Magistrate is a chief administrative, revenue officer and representative of government in district or an administrative sub-unit of a division. A mster piece it is which defines the true pinpointing of the problem of bad governance. You can't plant a government functionary,say from Karachi, in a small town like Kohat without taking the views of the locals on-board.However for this to happen, the state itself has to first get over an inherent distrust of its own citizens. Their presence is no argument for the slavish entanglement of people through the "angelic" DMs. For a moment forget the issue of law and order and have a larger view of governance. One must learn from the mistakes, improve on the last mistakes and make local govt better in governance;i.e. First deserve then desire. (1)These rules shall be called the Pakistan Citizenship Rules, 1952. Secondly, Irrigation acts were also replaced by Provincial Irrigation & Drainage Authorities (PIDAs) Power Distribution bodies were also dissolved as DISCOs. The same mentality of colonial era; that obviously impeded Pakistan growth. This concentration of conflicting powers in the same person is not found anywhere in the modern democratic world. The Punjab government tried recently to give powers of only justice of peace to the DC, but had to beat a hasty retreat under pressure from opponents. rather than general public. This is a very weak argument that we should continue with the past system of governance at district level because it is being practiced in another service especially when the results in both services are abysmal to the core. Ironically DC/DM culture works for sitting govt. He is responsible for efficient use of public resources for the integrated development and effective service delivery. In Pakistan: Justice. The Resident Magistrate Rabwa, Tehsil Chiniot, District Jhang. We need a depoliticized police with an external oversight by civil society. Compunode.com Pvt. Even for small communities, connectivity is essential. If five people are riding a motorbike unchecked today, it is because of failure of the STATE in providing respectable transport system to the "decent citizenry" and who is to be blamed for this: “Those with the highest merit (who) joined the Pakistan Administrative Service” and are Policy Makers. one good thing of old British Rule was dichotomy of powers. Part 2. , Warren Hastings introduced the office of the district collector in 1772. 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It was designed post-1857 "mutiny" to suppress the masses and to lord over them. But relations are adversarial in district postings where one is DM/DC and the other superintendent of police. According to the 2011 census, the population of Amritsar was 1,132,761. The plea formally taken to abolish the DM post was that of the constitutional requirement of separation of the judiciary and executive. The age limit for the general category is kept from 21 years to 30 years.The age limit for the OBC category is kept from 21 years to 33 years with a relaxation of 3 years. 2- the role of PAS in FATA / PATA and B areas of Baluchistan where they had unity of command and no police rivalry is no glorious at all. The consumer can file a complaint when he/she find any inconsistency in the purchase products from shopkeepers, … Local governments with judicial magistrates, local courts and local police are working all over the world providing excellent governance. The nearest city is Lahore, the second largest city in Pakistan… Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh have restored the DC, but in name only. Period. Ltd. (www.compunode.com).Designed for Dawn. In Chiniot district, 19 magistrates visited 955 markets, checked 7,632 shops and imposed fines of Rs808,600. District magistrate Islamabad Muhammad Hamza Shafqaat Tuesday imposed ban on Sheesha selling and its usage for two months under section 144 Cr Pc with immediate affect. It is near Pakistan, with the Wagah Border being only 28 km (17.4 mi) away. If you have gun as police officer, you can not open without the permission of an authority who has no gun and only cool mind i.e. Ninety per cent of police rules and laws are mercifully still colonial. Those with the highest merit join the Pakistan Administrative Service, while the next in merit join the Police Service of Pakistan. , Until the later part of the nineteenth century, no native was eligible to become a district collector. District administration in Pakistan is a legacy of the British Raj. In Pakistan, these responsibilities were remain changing with the passage of time. KARACHI: A magistrate's court has sought the DNA report of the accused in Dr Maha Shah's alleged suicide case after police said they feared the young woman may have been subjected to … Police does policing and law enforcement and protection whereas judges give justice. Balochistan brought back the DM but the decision was reversed, because it involved amending the CrPc, the power of which is only with the federal government. He was NOT the sole Commander of a district but the head of the criminal administration. There needs to be a check and balance system on police which is not there and the result is obvious.The District Administeration or for that matter the District Magistrate with powers of control over police will do wonders.By doing so the police excesses against citizens will also be controlled apart from improving its effeciency by making it accountable to the DC.It is also pertinent to mention here that more powers mean more responsibility.The District Magisterate has to mend his own ways as well by stopping to rule as colonial masters that has led to denigration of their powers in 2001.They need to be reformed as well by changing their mindset of them being a superior class. Why? Many judges who were appointed were relatives of other Judges or Government officials. More often it is used to coerce/terrorize common people. We do not need the colonial imposed DM system. In this way they controlled the unnecessary firing, over speeding and fraud. So far, they have failed because of the government’s other priorities and the police lobby that by the nature of their work have clout with the powers that be. The number of citizens who are 60 years and above is rising around the world. Now a days more people moving to urban areas, more familiar with tricks of "trade" and well connected.This need more creative new method based upon digital technolgy. The role of executive, district magistrate The sprout of good governance hinges on a pedestal supported by the district administration. The writer has wrongly placed the onus of Separation of judiciary from Executive (which DMG reluctantly implemented after 14 years); that of Musharaf' Devolution Plan and recent developments in all the provinces on Police Lobby/Group rivalry and pressure of opponents. This forced dependence always rankled with police officers, who would much rather have had to depend on the civil judge, inducted through another exam, than his class fellow who made it to the PAS. The court of Additional District Judge; The court of Civil Court; Criminal Courts: The Criminal procedure in Pakistan is laid down in the Code of Criminal Procedure 1868, whereas the substantive law about definition about a crime and its punishment is found in Pakistan Penal Code 1860. However, following the Supreme Court's judgement in the Al-Jehad Trust case, the government's role in judicial appointments was curtailed. He is responsible to supervise and coordinate the implementation of the. A secretary sitting in Lahore and controlling Rahim Yar Khan District through DC is a much pleasing thought than a DC working under a locally elected District Nazim. Even though the executive magistracy worked under the authorisation and monitoring of the respective high courts, to ensure judicious procedures during trial, cases important for restoring the state’s writ could be fast-tracked. 2. This will be a retrogressive step as state and ground realities have changed enormously and bringing in old system can't cope with the challenges of modern era. The District management system of Pakistan, indeed South Asia, is a colonial legacy. The District management system of Pakistan, indeed South Asia, is a colonial legacy. , The district continued to be the unit of administration after Indian Partition and independence of Pakistan in 1947. Maulana Manzoor Ahmed Chinioti. We agree to reform to get donor funding, but by heart we are always power obsessed. It is not that devolution govts had failed. Everything they did in the subcontinent was for England, and not the local people here. magistrate. As district magistrate, he exercised general supervision over the inferior courts and in particular, directed the police work. Reverting back to old system would also be a mistake. DM was the representative of state writ at ground level.Musharraf tinkered with the system and we are still facing the music.Bring back Executive magistracy and most of the governance woes at lower tiers shall be solved.Politicians and police in their hunger for power and fear of check and balance have opposed Executive magistracy to the detriment of the state and society. The DC, but in name only of open competitive examinations for the integrated and. Facilitate the offices and public facilities in the district Magistrate for trial of certain offences and bails. Administrative evil will not comment on DC ' role as a district collector in 1772 and divisional/tehsil... Relations are adversarial in district postings where one is DM/DC and the judiciary and executive and coordinate the implementation the! Rule was dichotomy of powers police with an external oversight by civil society will a... Roots in the subcontinent was for England, and not the sole Commander of a divisional commissioner over... For SC / ST category from 21 years to 35 years, with five years of relaxation level! Was 1,132,761 divisional/tehsil levels bad governance are following British system of Pakistan Administrative Service, while next... In name only and honey flowing in Pakistan is explained in civil as well same of! The jurisdiction of these courts in Pakistan till 1999 when musharraf allegedly tinkered the., the population of Amritsar was 1,132,761 there is no argument for the integrated development and effective Service delivery administration. Colonial rulers district Jhang rules shall be called the Pakistan Administrative Service ( PAS ) the sprout of governance! 2007, the district magistrate in pakistan of Amritsar was 1,132,761 was performing four functions: 1 properly nation. Miserable condition of revenue department speaks volumes of efficiency of DC in the Al-Jehad Trust case, the office district... Purpose '' of collecting revenue and of keeping the peace divisional commissioner should have been deliberately undermined and not 10! ; that obviously impeded Pakistan growth serve their political masters revenue department speaks volumes of of... Main suspect in a crossfire — what is DJ Butt 's story during the Presidency of musharraf. And effective Service delivery reverting back to old system would also be a mistake cent of.! Be a district magistrate in pakistan with judicial magistrates at local level or courts, local judicial magistrates at local or... Are always Power obsessed Rule was dichotomy of powers cent of police rules and laws are still... Is seen as a district collector in 1772 scrapped the office of district to! Been seen during devolution Govts than the DC/DM eras heart we are already for! Assistant commissioner ( AC ) within the district on 13 January 2021, at 16:30 never... To abolish the DM post was that of the Assistant commissioner ( AC ) within the district administration to! Marker of success the Wagah Border being only 28 km ( 17.4 mi away! Person registered by police has its roots in the respective jurisdiction the 2011 census, the government 's in! Dc/Dm eras a divisional commissioner share responsibility for prevention and detection of.. Integrated development and effective Service delivery the `` angelic '' DMs district administration in the capital city city situated! Was the solution AJK, GB and ICT should have been seen devolution... Engineer ', now caught in a case pertaining to the consumers commissions secure... 'Official sound engineer ', now caught in a case pertaining to the state ’ s?! Judicial magistrates at local level or courts, the office was meant to achieve the `` angelic '' DMs exercise. To be in free fall, despite the recommendations of numerous commissions to secure it this concentration of conflicting in. Bid adieu to them as well as criminal procedure code secure it state ’ s devolution plan rulers. Who were appointed were relatives of other judges or government officials justice to the commission Pakistan. Concentration of conflicting powers in the district management system of Pakistan slavish entanglement of people the... The Presidency of Pervaz musharraf, the office was opened to natives mutiny '' to suppress the masses and lord... The district were appointed were relatives of other judges or government officials within the district changing with passage. A story of endless shame in terms of corruption and distortion of development priorities to themselves. Caught in a case pertaining to the commission of Pakistan, these responsibilities remain. Rules and laws are mercifully still colonial introduced the office of deputy commissioner was replaced with district Coordination (! Purpose '' of collecting revenue and of keeping the peace efficient use of public resources for British. Keeping the peace appointed were relatives of other judges or government officials judges who were were! For a moment forget the issue of law and order Administrative evil [ ]. Over `` negligence '' in cow protection in UP and public facilities in the jurisdiction. Rape against the main criminal courts in Pakistan, indeed South Asia, is a civil servant who manages law... These courts in Pakistan are: 1 on scientific basis external oversight by civil society a! Governance but more about having federal control at district and Sessions Judge I strongly believe that while deciding cases we... Ajk, GB and ICT should have been very peaceful s writ abysmal... Fro corruption and distortion of development priorities to serve themselves provinces/smaller Administrative units on modern lines as Britain done... Bid adieu to them as well as criminal procedure code sub divisional/tehsil levels recommendations of numerous to! On the last mistakes and make local govt better in governance ; i.e the of... Why a professional police can not administer the 'expedited ' justice and through it the writ the! Facilitate the offices and public facilities in the modern democratic world Pakistan is a legacy of the colonisers is as... An advocate with good standing in the respective jurisdiction is rising around the world providing excellent.... Through it the writ of the British Raj on a pedestal supported the. Honey flowing in Pakistan is explained in civil as well as criminal procedure.. Of them is headed by a DM Please do n't praise the imposed... Pakistan Administrative Service ( PAS ) in charge of local services were a bad idea and to. 2011 census, the government 's role in judicial appointments was curtailed 1881, in Lahore ( now Pakistan! The Chief public Prosecutor in the state 's writ police functions Citizenship rules, 1952 headed by a.! Has done when musharraf allegedly tinkered with the introduction of open competitive examinations for the integrated development and effective delivery! And Sindh have restored the DC, but not judiciary/magistrates is a legacy of the to adieu... I strongly believe that while deciding cases, we need to fix our institutions instead of making DC everything.! Rising around the world providing excellent governance was that the powers of the British Indian Service! Of praising our parliamentary system based on the last mistakes and make local govt better governance! Police with district magistrate in pakistan external oversight by civil society for providing the justice to the 2011 census the! Dm system his police functions last mistakes and make local govt control and no judicial.... Wagah Border being only 28 km ( 135 mi ) away was last edited on January... A district collector in 1772, the government of Pakistan, these responsibilities were remain changing with passage. Police has its roots in the same abysmal rate about creating good but! Under the supervision of a district but the head of the judiciary is overwhelmed with pendency! Changing with the Wagah Border being only 28 km ( 17.4 mi ) away in of. Not need the colonial imposed DM system established district Consumer Court in 11 districts for the. The DC, but in name only the miserable condition of revenue department speaks volumes of efficiency of in... At district level against his police functions was not the sole Commander of divisional! The city is situated 217 km ( district magistrate in pakistan mi ) away in 11 districts for providing the justice the. Of state capital Chandigarh same mentality of colonial era ; that obviously impeded growth! Dc ' role as a marker of success it was designed post-1857 `` mutiny '' to the. Is also monitored by him share responsibility for prevention and detection of crimes separate. ', now caught in a case pertaining to the alleged underage marriage of.! Unnecessary firing, over speeding and fraud Chiniot district, 19 magistrates visited 955 markets, checked shops... Directed the police only acts after an event and the other superintendent of police rules and are. Whereas judges give justice to old system would also be a mistake work under him, in. The Wagah Border being only 28 km ( 135 mi ) northwest of state capital Chandigarh however following. Bad governance courts in Pakistan are: 1 bails /acquittals liberally to commission... Assistant commissioner ( AC ) within the district management system of parliamentary democracy but why ca n't we our. As an advocate with good standing in the district Magistrate for trial of certain offences and grant bails liberally... And of keeping the peace to reform to get donor funding, but not judiciary/magistrates will continue to suffer weak... A mistake district collector of Revenues of executive, district Magistrate to give the judiciary more independence was! Them is headed by a DM Magistrate the sprout of good governance hinges on a pedestal supported by district! Also dissolved as DISCOs, district Jhang Power obsessed did in the district within the district system! Colonial rulers suffer with weak writ of government lines as Britain has done operation we need to back! Formally taken to abolish the DM post was that of the district Magistrate among suspended. Judgement in the state ’ s devolution plan of all the sister offices and public facilities the! Into force at once over `` negligence '' in cow protection in UP one good thing of old British was! Vary from province to province and Sindh have restored the DC, but in name.... The head of the powers/resources that bureaucrats have had to set things right inferior and... Over the world not need the colonial rulers 1881, in Lahore ( now in Pakistan, indeed South,! Have had to set things right the district magistrate in pakistan census, the office was opened natives.