The most common symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer are: A … Other common symptoms include a runny nose and one-sided nasal stuffiness, facial pain, tooth pain or ear pressure. After the malignant tumor has passed the initial stage of development, new symptoms appear. Make a donation. See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19. Accessed April 2, 2018. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, See our safety precautions in response to COVID-19, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. Runny nose that goes on for a long time; Occasional bloody nose; Excessive tears Vision problems 9. However, if you're concerned about your risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, you may consider avoiding habits that have been associated with the disease. The information on this page was reviewed and approved by Maurie Markman, MD, President, Medicine & Science at CTCA. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. But in areas of the world where nasopharyngeal carcinoma is much more common — for instance, in some areas of China — doctors may offer screenings to people thought to be at high risk of the disease. Loss of the sense of smell 3. However, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition that is not cancer. However, if you notice any unusual and persistent changes in your body that don't seem right to you, such as unusual nasal congestion, see your doctor. BCCs on the nose, ears and lips are more likely to recur, usually within the first two years after surgery. The nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are the most common areas affected by sinus cancers. Difficulty breathing through your nose 2. You can work with your doctor to determine the exact approach depending on your particular situation. The throat (pharynx) is a muscular tube that runs from the back of your nose down into your neck. Accessed July 8, 2018. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. Symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer. Possible noticeable symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma include: Early nasopharyngeal carcinoma symptoms may not always prompt you to see your doctor. As the nose cancer progresses, the cancer cells begin to form larger tumors within the nasal cavity. Sore throat 8. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion and stuffiness, which is often called sinus congestion Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms. Nasal congestion or ringing in your ears 5. Cancerous nasal cavity or sinus tumors are rare, with only about 2,000 being diagnosed in the United States each year. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is difficult to detect early. Hui EP, et al. Symptoms of cancer inside the nose, also known as paranasal sinus or nasal cavity cancer, include nosebleeds, congestion, runny nose and facial numbness, explains the National Cancer Institute. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Possible symptoms of these cancers (often only on one side) include: Nasal congestion and stuffiness that doesn’t get better or even worsens Pain above or below the eyes Blockage of one side of the nose Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Nasal cancer is a type of cancer that affects a part of nasopharyngeal region where auditory lobes intersect with nasal passages. Sinus cancers may also cause symptoms that often accompany less serious conditions, like the common cold, including blocked sinuses and post-nasal drip. Accessed July 8, 2018. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Nasal polyps are soft, teardrop-shaped, abnormal growths on the tissue lining your sinuses or nasal passages. A sore or lesion on the roof of your mouth 8. In: Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. Nose cancer (nasopharyngeal cancer) symptoms include frequent nosebleeds and a sore throat. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma frequently spreads (metastasizes) beyond the nasopharynx. That means cancer cells from the initial tumor have migrated to nearby areas, such as lymph nodes in the neck. A BCC can recur even when it has been carefully removed the first time, because some cancer cells may remain undetectable after surgery and others can form roots that extend beyond what’s visible. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017. This content does not have an Arabic version. Nasal cancer symptoms can be difficult to detect. Discharge from your nose 5. Make a difference in the fight against cancer by donating to cancer research, Gateway for Cancer Research is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. It occurs much more frequently in other parts of the world — specifically Southeast Asia. Benign and malignant tumors of the nasopharynx. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, types I to III: Diagnosis to first treatment (adult). So, the pain inside the nose and sinuses joins the above described manifestations, which haunts the person constantly. Head and neck cancers. Squamous cell carcinomas in the nose and sinuses are usually seen in dogs over nine years old, but they have been seen in dogs as young as three years old. Nosebleeds due to nasal or sinus cancer usually recur, involve one side of the nose and typically do not cause heavy bleeding. Accessed July 8, 2018. A lump in your neck caused by a swollen lymph node. Nasopharyngeal cancer: Treatment options. Many of the symptoms of nose cancer are similar to much less serious conditions. Signs may include: A mass in the neck beneath the skin; Numbness on the side of the nose, upper lip or cheek; Headaches; Swelling around the eyes; Pain behind the nose In its early stages, nasopharyngeal carcinoma may not cause any symptoms. Risk Factors A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Epidemiology, etiology and diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer The most common symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer include a blocked nose that does not clear and nosebleeds. Symptoms. This area is called the nasopharynx. In some cases, this type of nasal tumor will spread to the brain, causing seizures. If you are worried about nasal and sinus cancer, we have more information about the signs and symptoms . Signs and symptoms of nasal and paranasal tumors can include: 1. Learn about the risk factors for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer and what you might be able to do to help lower your risk. Cancer begins when one or more genetic mutations cause normal cells to grow out of control, invade surrounding structures and eventually spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. This page was updated on November 05, 2020. Most people with nasopharyngeal carcinoma have regional metastases. Occasionally, persistent blockage of the nose or eustachian tubes may first cause a sensation of fullness or pain in the ears and hearing loss, particularly in one ear. See your doctor if you have these symptoms. It contains three sections: the nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx, which is also called the hypopharynx. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is rare in the United States. Early cancer symptoms that mimic common conditions of the sinuses include: A nose bleed from one nostril; Blockage of a nostril; Runny nose on one side; Symptoms that can indicate an advanced cancer tumor are: A persistent headache; Changes in vision or double vision Nose cancer can also lead to the formation of lumps on the roof of the mouth or inside … Surgery often causes swelling of the face, mouth, and throat, making it difficult to breathe. Nasopharyngeal (nay-zoh-fuh-RIN-jee-ul) carcinoma is cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx, which is located behind your nose and above the back of your throat. Surgery for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer has risks because the eyes, mouth, brain, and important nerves and blood vessels are usually located near the tumor. Paranasal sinuses: Located around or near the nose, these air-filled areas surround the nasal … The symptoms associated with nose cancer are similar to more common and less serious conditions, such as a cold or sinusitis. Accessed July 8, 2018. Hearing loss 6. The most common symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer are: a persistent blocked nose, which usually only affects 1 side; nosebleeds; a decreased sense of smell; mucus running from your nose; mucus draining into the back of your nose and throat Nasopharyngeal cancer treatment (PDQ). The nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are the most common areas affected by sinus cancers. They’re often associated with symptoms such as a runny nose or nasal congestion. Exposure to various substances and vapors also may play a role. The nasal cancer symptoms of initial as well as advanced stages are discussed in the article below. Symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer. Early cancer symptoms are often the same as non-cancerous conditions. In the United States and in other areas where the disease is rare, routine screening for nasopharyngeal carcinoma isn't done. Both nostrils lead into the nasal cavity. In its early stages, nasopharyngeal carcinoma may not cause any symptoms. Other forms of cancer that can occur here include adenocarcinomas (the second most common), which form in the salivary glands found in the nose … However, it isn't clear why some people with all the risk factors never develop cancer, while others who have no apparent risk factors do. Dr Terence Tan, Senior Consultant from the Division of Radiation Oncology at National Cancer Centre Singapore shares more signs and symptoms of nose cancer. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Signs and symptoms of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer include sinus problems and nosebleeds. Headaches Nosebleeds are also a common symptom. Many of the symptoms of sinus cancer resemble those of inflammation or infection of the sinuses (sinusitis), such as congestion, postnasal drip, runny nose, pain under the eyes or above the eyebrows, and earache or toothache. Possible noticeable symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma include: 1. Most often, nasopharyngeal cancer first spreads to lymph nodes in the neck, causing lumps in the neck before other symptoms. Symptoms vary depending on where the cancer develops and how significantly it spreads. Cancer cells that spread to other areas of the body (distant metastases) most commonly travel to the bones, lungs and liver. Facial swelling or pain 6. Nasal and paranasal cancers may cause: 1. blockages causing stuffiness in one side of your nose that does not go away 2. nosebleeds 3. decreased sense of smell 4. mucus coming from the nose 5. mucus draining into the back of your nose and throat Most people diagnosed with cancer of the nose will have a blockage. As a result, nose cancer patients may notice the formation of lumps within the nasal cavity, corresponding to abnormal growths in the lining of the sinuses 2.The American Cancer Society also notes that nose cancer may cause abnormal growths on the face or on the palette—the roof of the mouth. Tests that examine the sinuses and nasal cavity are used to diagnose paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer. Accessed July 8, 2018. In many cases, particularly in early-stage cancers, patients don’t tend to experience many symptoms. Sinus cancer may occur in various locations around the face, such as: Nasal cavity: Behind the nose, air passes through this opening on its way to the throat. Some of the most common nose cancer symptoms include a runny nose, frequent nosebleeds and postnasal drip. Symptoms vary depending on where the cancer develops and how significantly it spreads. Frequent ear infections 7. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma usually involves radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of the two. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. This is called nasopharyngeal cancer. They tend to develop as your tumor grows. Cancer.Net. Next topic: What are the types of sinus cancer? AskMayoExpert. In nasopharyngeal carcinomas, this process begins in the squamous cells that line the surface of the nasopharynx. Nosebleeds 4. Men are more likely to get sinus cancer than women. Exactly what causes the gene mutations that lead to nasopharyngeal carcinoma isn't known, though factors, such as the Epstein-Barr virus, that increase the risk of this cancer have been identified. But if you do experience any of these and you don't, say, have a … Nasal and sinus cancer is different to cancer in the area where the nose and throat connect. Treatment of early locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Flint PW, et al. The signs and symptoms of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer can be slightly different depending on where the tumour starts. Bloody discharge from your nose 4. People with nasal cavity or paranasal sinus cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Researchers have identified some factors that appear to increase your risk of developing nasopharyngeal carcinoma, including: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma complications can include: Cancer that spreads to other areas of the body. Nosebleeds and eye symptoms can also occur.