THE BG ACUIRED A MAJORITY STAKE IN THE COMPANY IN 1997. Modi had been invited to the US to speak before the Asian-American Hotel Owners Association. Nanavati was added as chairman of the now two-person commission. Edwina Wilson These camps were backed and supported by the BJP and RSS. At this meeting, officials were instructed not to obstruct the Hindu rage following the incident. 11 of the 31 convicts were given the death penalty while the remaining were given life imprisonment. According to Section 302, top management within a firm must certify individually the accuracy of financial information ("Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 302", 2003). On a return trip from having interviewed Modi when their car was surrounded by a crowd, one of the crowd claimed that they would be killed should they be a member of a minority community. Solutions to classwork #8 The San Francisco earthquake started at 5:04pm on 17th October 1989. [185][186] Among those featured in the tapes was the special counsel representing the Gujarat government before the Nanavati-Shah Commission, Arvind Pandya, who resigned from his post after the release. Letter of Intent [122], After police dismissed the case against her assailants, Bilkis Bano approached the National Human Rights Commission of India and petitioned the Supreme Court seeking a reinvestigation. IT OPERATED OVER 3700 KILOMETERS OF GAS PIPE LINES. They were subjected to disciplinary proceedings and transfers with some having to leave the state. Of them, 11,167 were arrested for criminal behavior (3,269 Muslim, 7,896 Hindu) and 16,615 were arrested as a preventive measure (2,811 Muslim, 13,804 Hindu). This coverage played a central role in the politics of the situation. Nanavati And Mr. Justice Akshay H. Mehta, Detailed Report on the Godhra riots by the Concerned Citizens Tribunal, U.S DEPARTMENT of STATE:Issue of Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi's Visa Status, Scarred: Experiments with Violence in Gujarat, Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Decline of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent, Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Persecution of Muslims during Ottoman contraction, Persecution of Christians in the Eastern Bloc, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, Attacks by Islamic extremists in Bangladesh, Pakistani Islamisation programme referendum, 1984,, Attacks on religious buildings and structures in India, Sexual violence at riots and crowd disturbances, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 11:43. He was the son of Karamchand Gandhi, the divan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar, and Putlibai, Karamchand fourth wife (his previous three wives had died in childbirth), a Hindu of the Pranami Vaishnava order. 42, Iss. [92] According to police records, 157 riots after the Godhra incident were started by Muslims. 23.Jari, Diamond & Textile Industries? They also wrote a letter to the US State Department asking it deny Modi a visa to the United States. [108], Dipankar Gupta believes that the state and police were clearly complicit in the violence, but that some officers were outstanding in the performance of their duties, such as Himanshu Bhatt and Rahul Sharma. Everyone in the San Francisco felt the earthquake hit but... ...Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Many freedom fighters took part in Indian freedom struggle.They are as follows: [4][12], According to official figures, the riots ended with 1,044 dead, 223 missing, and 2,500 injured. . Champaner The Editors Guild of India, in its report on media ethics and coverage on the incidents stated that the news coverage was exemplary, with only a few minor lapses. By Ashish Khetan. [132], Eight people, including a VHP leader and a member of the BJP, were convicted for the murder of seven members of a family and the rape of two minor girls in the village of Eral in Panchmahal district. I will show you how not to make the errors other company’s have. 13.Jamsedji Tata & Dadabhai Navroji? [6] Some rioters even had printouts of voter registration lists, allowing them to selectively target Muslim properties. He said there was no clinching material available in the pre-trial stage to disbelieve Bhatt, whose claim could be tested only in court. NEW DELHI: A special court on Tuesday pronounced the death penalty for 11 convicted in the Godhra train burning case and handed down life sentence to 20 … Key Godhra train burning incident accused arrested from Malegaon The Godhra train attack, that left 59 people dead, had triggered widespread violence in Gujarat in which over 1,000 people were killed. Within a few months Nanavati, before hearing any testimony declared there was no evidence of lapses by either the police or government in their handling of the violence. Gujarat HC sentences 11 to life imprisonment in post-Godhra riot case. In the Naroda Patiya mass grave of ninety-six bodies, forty-six were women. Barring a few, in most instances of sexual violence, the women victims were stripped and paraded naked, then gang-raped, and thereafter quartered and burnt beyond recognition. ACC 561 and Cancer is an incurable disease. [75][76], In the aftermath of the violence, it became clear that many attacks were focused not only on Muslim populations, but also on Muslim women and children. Relief camp organisers alleged that the state government was coercing refugees to leave relief camps, with twenty-five thousand people made to leave eighteen camps which were shut down. eutectoid, determine the following: [186][192][193][194] However, the report contradicted official records with regard to Modi's alleged visit to Naroda Patiya and a local police superintendent's location. If you don't like people, kill them, segregate them. What is the Gujarat Godhra incident? In the Standard 10 social studies textbook, the "charismatic personality" of "Hitler the Supremo" and the "achievements of Nazism" are described at length. To: Up and Coming Accountants November 25, 2014 Wp = LISTED: [73] For the first time in the history of communal riots Hindu women took part, looting Muslim shops. On 19 March Modi was denied a diplomatic visa and his tourist visa was revoked. [195] The Gujarat government blocked telecast of cable news channels broadcasting the expose, a move strongly condemned by the Editors Guild of India. alloy, CO, is 0.35 wt%, the weight fraction of ferrite (α) is given as: [175] Defending the Modi administration in the Rajya Sabha against charges of genocide, BJP spokesman V. K. Malhotra said that the official toll of 254 Hindus, killed mostly by police fire, indicates how the state authorities took effective steps to curb the violence. [47], The Union government led by the Indian National Congress party in 2005 also set up a committee to probe the incident, headed up by retired Supreme Court judge Umesh Chandra Banerjee. As Gujarat burns in the aftermath of riots, the Vadodara-Godhra highway is dotted with the charred remains of vehicles and blazing factories. [72] Local and state-level politicians were seen leading violent mobs, restraining the police and arranging the distribution of weapons, leading investigative reports to conclude that the violence was "engineered and launched. "[142], In April 2009, the SIT submitted before the Court that Teesta Setalvad had cooked up cases of violence to spice up the incidents. The committee concluded that the fire had begun inside the train and was most likely accidental. and Born and survived in Gujarat, now Lives in Mumbai. [139] Twenty-two further people were convicted for attempted murder on 30 July 2012, while sixty-one others were acquitted. Gujarat | स मव र अगस त 27, 2018 01:39 PM IST ग धर स ट शन पर ह ई व रद त क ब द र ज य म बड प म न पर स प रद य क ह स भड क उठ थ . For a 99.65 wt% Fe – 0.35 wt% C alloy at a temperature just below the [112] After more than two years of acquittals, the Supreme Court of India stepped in, transferring key cases to the Bombay High Court and ordering the police to reopen two thousand cases that had been previously closed. CULTURAL STUDY ON 2002 Gujarat violence The 2002 Gujarat violence was a series of incidents including the Godhra train burning and Naroda Patiya massacre and the subsequent communal violence between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian state of Gujarat. Although the Supreme Court had declared such strikes to be unconstitutional and illegal, and despite the common tendency for such strikes to be followed by violence, no action was taken by the state to prevent the strike. Also to become more knowledgeable on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) and the impact it has had on the business world. 10.Where was Sardar Patel born? [171] In August 2002 Shahid Ahmad Bakshi, an operative for the militant group Lashkar-e-Toiba planned to assassinate Modi, Pravin Togadia of the VHP, and other members of the right wing nationalist movement to avenge the 2002 Gujarat violence. Rann of Katch Chris Ogden. . "Hence, it cannot be said, at this stage, that Shri Bhatt should be disbelieved and no further proceedings should be taken against Shri Modi. = Citizens for Justice and Peace. [70] However the troop deployment was withheld by the state government until 1 March, when the most severe violence had ended. A shattering piece of news: 58 Hindu pilgrims had been burned alive in a … [147] It faulted the Gujarat government for failure of intelligence, failure to take appropriate action, and failure to identify local factors and players. (a) The fractions of total ferrite and cementite phase. He played a lead role in the freedom of India and henceforth came to be known as ‘FATHER OF NATION’ [143] The SIT charged her of "cooking up macabre tales of killings. [43][44] Several other independent commentators have also concluded that the fire itself was almost certainly an accident, saying that the initial cause of the conflagration has never been conclusively determined. They also reported that "The complicity of the state government is obvious. The SIT also rejected claims that the state government had not done enough to prevent the riots. Values The Gujarat government denied his allegations, claiming that they were "baseless" and based on malice because Sreekumar had not been promoted. [111], Prosecution of the perpetrators of the violence hampered by witnesses being bribed or intimidated and the perpetrators' names being deleted from the charge sheets. "[151], The state government commissioned J. G. Shah to conduct, what became, a controversial one man inquiry into the Godhra incident, its credibility was questioned and the NHRC and the National Minorities Commission requested that a sitting judge from the supreme court be appointed. Godhra Kand: Gujarat High Court commutes 11 death sentences – Bulletin of India English | DailyHunt Citizens for Justice and Peace. 24/2015. Teesta Setalvad: The founder of Mumbai-based NGO Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP), was among the first activists to take up the cases of riot victims in Gujarat in 2002, finally leading the Supreme Court to set up a special investigation team to probe the post-Godhra riots, six years later, under former CBI director R K Raghavan. GUJRAT GAS COMPANY IS ONE OF INDIA’S LEADING NATURAL GAS DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES. [28] Many politicians downplayed the incidents, claiming that the situation was under control. Also know sitting and previous MLAs from Godhra assembly Chorwad . It is named after the two sponsors, U.S. 15 years after Godhra, we still don’t know who lit the fire. [97] Hindu doctors were asked to stop practicing in Muslim areas after one Hindu doctor was stabbed. To the Gujarat police, what was more damaging than the collapse of all the VHP witnesses was the exoneration of all the 28 Muslims arrested at the outset in the Godhra case. [17] The Muslim community was reported to have reacted with anger and disbelief. [167], Following the violence Bal Thackeray then leader of the Hindu nationalist group Shiv Sena said "Muslims are a cancer to this country. The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. In 2002 the Gujarat State Higher Secondary Board administered an exam, while the riots were ongoing, in which students of English were asked to form one sentence out of the following: "There are two solutions. Or [31] Scholars studying the 2002 riots state that they were premeditated and constituted a form of ethnic cleansing, and that the state government and law enforcement were complicit in the violence that occurred. This alerted the Gujarat police which started the probe. The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. The Head Quarter of the University is Godhra Panchmahals. Hindutva supporters and police officers attacked almost a dozen journalists. [124][125] Charges were filed in a Mumbai court against nineteen people as well as six police officials and a government doctor over their role in the initial investigations. May be Amit Shah and PM Modi were involved in The Sarbanes-Oxley Act is a federal law that set new standards for the United States public company boards, management, and public accounting firms ("Sarbanes–oxley Act", 2013). Dr.Jivraj Narayan Mehta Another video he can be heard speaking against Hindu god Ram. [13] The Concerned Citizens Tribunal Report,[14] estimated that as many as 1,926 may have been killed. [24][27][30][32][33][34][35][36], On the morning of 27 February 2002, the Sabarmati Express, returning from Ayodhya to Ahmedabad, stopped near the Godhra railway station. [110][160], There was widespread destruction of property. The rioting in Gujarat in the first three days after Godhra was a result of not just the massacre at Godhra. "[152], Early in 2003, the state government of Gujarat set up the Nanavati-Shah commission to investigate the entire incident, from the initial one at Godhra to the ensuing violence. "[202][203], Further, R. K. Shah, the public prosecutor in the Gulbarg Society massacre, resigned because he found it impossible to work with the SIT and further stated that "Here I am collecting witnesses who know something about a gruesome case in which so many people, mostly women and children huddled in Jafri's house, were killed and I get no cooperation. In addition, penalties for fraudulent financial activity are much more severe. [62] Local newspapers and members of the state government used the statement to incite violence against the Muslim community by claiming, without proof,[47] that the attack on the train was carried out by Pakistan's intelligence agency and that local Muslims had conspired with them to attack Hindus in the state. ...The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was enacted in 2002 as a response to the accounting scandals in the early 2000s. [74] It is estimated that 200 police officers died while trying to control the violence, and Human Rights Watch reported that acts of exceptional heroism were committed by Hindus, Dalits and tribals who tried to protect Muslims from the violence. [64][94][95], On 17 March, it was reported that Muslims attacked Dalits in the Danilimda area of Ahmedabad. 3.who was Gujarat 2000? [170] In September 2002 there was an attack on the Hindu temple of Akshardham, gunmen carried letters on their persons which suggested that it was a revenge attack for the violence that Muslims had undergone. [187] While the report was criticised by some as being politically motivated,[188][189][190][191] some newspapers said the revelations simply reinforced what was common knowledge. Thirty-one of the Muslim convictions were for the massacre of Hindus in Godhra. The Indian Supreme Court, acting on a petition by social activist Teesta Setalvad, ordered a retrial outside Gujarat in which nine accused were found guilty in 2006. A resolution was submitted by John Conyers and Joseph R. Pitts in the House of Representatives which condemned Modi for inciting religious persecution. According to Kalpana Kannabiran the rapes were part of a well-organized, deliberate and pre-planned strategy, and which facts place the violence into the categories of political pogrom and genocide. "[204] Teesta Setalvad referred to the stark inequalities between the SIT team's lawyers who are paid 9 lakh rupees per day and the government prosecutors who are paid a pittance. Media coverage was generally critical of the Hindu right; however, the BJP portrayed the coverage as an assault on the honor of Gujaratis and turned the hostility into an emotive part of their electoral campaign. Many contrasting views … The colony was later visited by Modi on 6 March, who promised the residents that they would be taken care of. The act contains 11 titles, or sections, ranging from additional corporate board responsibilities to criminal penalties, and requires the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to implement rulings on requirements to comply with the new law. The word is more than just the name of a town located in Panchmahal district in the western Indian state of Gujarat. [52] The findings of the commission were called into question by a video recording released by Tehelka magazine, which showed Arvind Pandya, counsel for the Gujarat government, stating that the findings of the Shah-Nanavati commission would support the view presented by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), as Shah was "their man" and Nanavati could be bribed. 27 February, 2011 Tehelka. [49], After six years of going over the details, Nanavati-Mehta Commission submitted its preliminary report which concluded that the fire was an act of arson, committed by a mob of one to two thousand locals. . Gujarat got its first woman chief Minister in Anandiben Patel in 2014 who has none of the charisma of Jayalalitha or Mamta Banerjee but the state of Gujarat is progressive and prosperous. First, the state did little to quell the violence, with attacks continuing well through the Spring. The property Members of the opposition made accusations that the government had failed to protect Muslim people in the worst rioting in India in more than 10 years. (b) The fractions of the proeutectoid ferrite and pearlite. Godhra Kand: Gujarat High Court commutes 11 death sentences – Bulletin of India English | DailyHunt. Human rights activists and Indian solicitors have urged that legislation be passed so that "communal violence is treated as genocide. The Supreme Court, the SIT, the Police and the State Judiciary", "Gujarat riots not sudden and spontaneous, SIT probe biased", "The meticulous seven, and a seven-day hunt for proof-Amitabh Sinha", "Rape victim Bilkis Bano hails victory for Muslims as Hindu assailants are jailed for life", "Bilkis Bano gangrape case verdict: Bombay HC convicts 5 Gujarat cops, 2 doctors, upholds life for 11",, "Over 100 accused in post-Godhra riots acquitted", "Godhra court convicts 11 in Eral massacre case; 29 acquitted", "Pota Review Committee Gives Opinion on Godhra Case To POTA Court", "India convictions over Gujarat Dipda Darwaza killings", "Indian court convicts former state minister in deadly 2002 anti-Muslim riots", "NGOs, Teesta spiced up Gujarat riot incidents: SIT", "Setalvad in dock for 'cooking up killings'", "Official Nanavati Shah commission report", "Gujarat government extends term of Nanavati panel till June 30, 2013", "Controversial ex-judge joins Gujarat riots probe", "Nanavati commission: A new lease of life, for the 20th time! Several Godhra locals stuck in Pakistan brought back to India from Wagah Border. [61], Then-Chief Minister Narendra Modi declared that the attack on the train had been an act of terrorism, and not an incident of communal violence. W α' + W αe = W α "[168] Pravin Togadia, international president of the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), said "All Hindutva opponents will get the death sentence" and Ashok Singhal, the then president of the VHP, has said that the violence in Gujarat was a "successful experiment" which would be repeated nationwide. Mandvi beach Beautiful Beach Numbers of major corporate and accounting scandals, such as Enron, Tyco International, WorldCom, and others, shook public confidence and cost investors billions of dollars when companies collapsed. Children were killed by being burnt alive and those who dug the mass graves described the bodies interred within them as "burned and butchered beyond recognition. The Jurisdiction of the University spread over Five District of Gujarat State i.e. Ramachandran was of the opinion that Modi could be prosecuted for alleged statements he had made. [155][156] In July 2013 the commission was given its 20th extension, and Mukul Sinha of the civil rights group Jan Sangharsh Manch said of the delays "I think the Commission has lost its significance and it now seems to be awaiting the outcome of the 2014 Lok Sabha election. We want to achieve progress by pursuing the policy of family planning with determination. GUJARAT GAS LTD IS LISTED UNDER BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE AND NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE (6,03,83,628 approx) HISTORY: The United States Department of State ultimately banned Narendra Modi from travelling to the United States due to his alleged role in the attacks. The problem with our judicial system is, it’s being controlled by powerful people in Lutyens and the liberals. WFe3C = 1 − Wα = 0.05 SIT officers have been paid Rs. [89], Vandana Shiva stated that "Young boys have been taught to burn, rape and kill in the name of Hindutva. Organizations such as Human Rights Watch criticised the Indian government and the Gujarat state administration for failure to address the resulting humanitarian condition of victims who fled their homes for relief camps during the violence, the "overwhelming majority of them Muslim. ", "News Analysis: In absolving Modi, SIT mixes up Godhra, post-Godhra perpetrators", "Dr. Navras Jaat Aafreedi's Social Activism", "Passengers, by Akanksha Joshi & Nooh Nizami, a trailer by Under Construction", "PSBT presents Annual International Film Festival / 11th to 17th September 09", Report By The Commission of Inquiry Consisting of Mr. Justice G.T. MR.SUDHIR MANKAND WAS APPOINTED AS AN INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR ON THE BOARD OF GUJARAT GAS COMPANY LTD ON 10 JANUARY, 2012. . [55] Of those convicted, 11 were sentenced to death and the other 20 to life in prison. . Activists and members of the opposition insisted on a judicial commission to be set up and headed by a sitting judge rather than a retired one from the high court. "[157] In 2007 Tehelka in an undercover operation had said that the Nanavati-Shah commission had relied on "manufactured evidence." TERM PAPER ON GUJARAT GAS COMPANY LTD February 16, 2008 ...1.When was Gujarat formed? BOARD OF DIRECTORS: (a) This part of the problem is solved by application of the lever rule employing a . O Hindus, take weapons in your hands and remove this cancer from your roots. Today I am addressing you on information that can help you have a quick overview of SOX. [219] respectively. Following the initial riot incidents, there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three months; statewide, there were further outbreaks of violenc… from godhra fire to gujarat riots As the train started to leave Godhra railway station, the driver said in his statement, emergency chains were pulled a few times forcing a stop at the outer signal. 0.35 − 0.022 A coach of the train--Coach S6--was set ablaze and 59 passengers travelling in that coach were charred to death. MR.HASMUKH SHAH – CHAIRMAN Several Indians, out of the 80 people from Gujarat's Godhra district who got stranded in Pakistan due to the suspension of train and bus services between India and Pakistan, were brought … Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel [18] In July 2013, allegations were made that the SIT had suppressed evidence. [80] The SIT officers are unsympathetic towards witnesses, they try to browbeat them and don't share evidence with the prosecution as they are supposed to do. "[6], Throughout the violence, attacks were made in full view of police stations and police officers who did not intervene. The US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report quoted the NHRC as concluding that the attacks had been premeditated, that state government officials were complicit, and that there was evidence of police not acting during the assaults on Muslims. = 0.44 "[164], According to R. B. Sreekumar, police officers who followed the rule of law and helped prevent the riots from spreading were punished by the Modi government. The Hindu activists had … Narendra Modi, then Chief Minister of Gujarat and later Prime Minister of India, was accused of initiating and condoning the violence, as were police and government officials who allegedly directed the rioters and gave lists of Muslim-owned properties to them. [130][131], Nine people were convicted of killing a Hindu man and injuring another during group clashes in Danilimda, Ahmedabad on 12 April 2005, while twenty-five others were acquitted. The former CBI Director R. K. Raghavan was appointed to chair the Team. On July 16, the crime branch had nabbed another accused, Kadir Abdul Gani, from Godhra and handed him over to Gujarat … The state government refused. Godhra train attack followed by Gujarat riots; 1,100 people killed After 14 years of being on the run, a man who allegedly planned and executed the attack on the Sabarmati Express as it … Whose inhibitions are coming in our way? The 2003 International Report by the US State Department can be found here. The CCT tribunal reported that 90 percent of those arrested were almost immediately granted bail, even if they had been arrested on suspicion of murder or arson. Find the best offers for Properties in Godhra. Modi refused to apologise and denied that the government had a role in the riots. According to the Section 404, it requires that management and auditors establish internal controls and reporting methods on the adequacy of those controls. This 4-star hotel offers a 24-hour front desk, room service and free wifi. [58][59], Following the attack on the train, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) called for a statewide bandh, or strike. It has been Bhatt's claim—made in an affidavit before the apex court and in statements to the SIT and the amicus—that he was present at the meeting where Modi allegedly said Hindus must be allowed to carry out retaliatory violence against Muslims. Gordhan Zadafia, the Minister of State for Home, stated that he believed there would be no retaliation from the Hindu community. [60], According to Scott W. Hibbard, the violence had been planned far in advance, and that similar to other instances of communal violence the Bajrang Dal, the VHP and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) all took part in the attacks. [42][50] Maulvi Husain Haji Ibrahim Umarji, a cleric in Godhra, and a dismissed Central Reserve Police Force officer named Nanumiyan were presented as the "masterminds" behind the arson. ", "Rioting as Maintaining Relations: Hindu-Muslim Violence and Political Mediation in Gujarat, India", "How SIT report on Gujarat riots exonerates Modi", "Modi's clearance in the Gujarat riots case angers Indian Muslims", "Is SIT hiding proof in Gujarat riots case? According to police, a mob of around 2,000 attacked the train, … ... The earthquake took place in San Francisco, California USA (MEDC) measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. 2002 Godhra Sabarmati Express burning case: In 2011, a court acquitted 63 people of setting a coach of the train on fire in Gujarat.Highlights 59 people died after train was set on fire in … Jul 13, 2016, 12:35 PM IST 17.Which city of Gujarat has been given the status of world heritage site? [85] George Fernandes in a discussion in parliament on the violence caused widespread furor in his defense of the state government, saying that this was not the first time that women had been violated and raped in India.[86]. I still don't understand that why Media and few Muslims still think that Modi allowed the riots to take place. US Congressmen John Conyers and Joe Pitts subsequently introduced a resolution in the House condemning the conduct of Modi for inciting religious persecution. Godhra train burning case: Yakub Pataliya gets life term. 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